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Iraq: The Uncounted
Sunday 21 November 2004
Approximately 300,000 American men and women have served at one time or
another in Iraq.
Most will return to the United States more or less intact. But some come
home the hard way - on a stretcher, bloody and broken.
And, as Correspondent Bob Simon says, there are few bloodier or more
broken than Chris Schneider.
Schneider says he believed in the war in Iraq, and liked wearing the
uniform. "[I was] proud to wear it. I loved wearing it," says Schneider, a
Kansas boy straight off the recruitment poster.
He went to college on a wrestling scholarship, started a family, and
joined the Army Reserves. This past January, his unit was providing
security for a supply convoy traveling through 100 miles of dangerous
Iraqi desert. He was riding in a two-and-a-half ton cargo truck, armed to
"In my vehicle there was my driver, there was my 50-cal gunner who was
in a turret on top," says Schneider. "And then there was myself and
another individual in back. We both had M249 machine guns."
Schneider saw another convoy coming in his direction - a line of HETS
(heavy equipment transports), big rigs on steroids, hogging the road. The
first HET just missed hitting his truck. The second one did not.
"It threw me up over my vehicle, over the HET and about 50 feet into the
field on the left," says Schneider. "When I landed, the next HET in line
had locked up their brakes to keep from rear ending the one that we hit.
And when he came to rest, the first set of tires on his trailer were
parked on my pelvis. And the second set had my lower leg wedged in it to
the axle. I've been told a rough estimate of approximately 120,000 to
Today, Schneider walks with a limp, on his artificial leg. But even
though he was injured while on a mission in a war zone - and even though
he'll receive the same benefits as a soldier who'd been shot - he is not
included in the Pentagon's casualty count. Their official tally shows only
deaths and wounded in action. It doesn't include "non-combat" injured,
those whose injuries were not the result of enemy fire.
"It's a slap in the face. Although it was through no direct hostile
action, I was on a mission that they'd given me in hostile territory.
Hostile enough that we had to have a perimeter set up at the time of my
accident to prevent from an ambush or an attack," says Schneider. "For
those of us that were unfortunate enough to get injured. Whether it was
hostile action or not, we're all paying the same price." How many injured
and ill soldiers, sailors, airmen and marines - like Chris Schneider - are
left off the Pentagon's casualty count?
Would you believe 15,000? 60 Minutes asked the Department of Defense to
grant us an interview. They declined. Instead, they sent a letter, which
contains a figure not included in published casualty reports: "More than
15,000 troops with so-called 'non-battle' injuries and diseases have been
evacuated from Iraq."
Many of those evacuated are brought to Landstuhl in Germany. Most cases
are not life-threatening. In fact, some are not serious at all. But only
20 percent return to their units in Iraq. Among the 80 percent who don't
return are GIs who suffered crushing bone fractures; scores of spinal
injuries; heart problems by the hundreds; and a slew of psychiatric cases.
None of these are included in the casualty count, leaving the true human
cost of the war something of a mystery.
"It's difficult to estimate what the total number is," says John Pike,
director of a research group called GlobalSecurity.org.
As a military analyst, Pike has spoken out against both Republican and
Democratic administrations. He's weighed all the available casualty data
and has made an informed estimate that goes well beyond what the Pentagon
"You have to say that the total number of casualties due to wounds,
injury, disease would have to be somewhere in the ballpark of over 20,
maybe 30,000," says Pike.
His calculation, striking as it is, is based on the military's own
definition of casualty - anyone "lost to the organization," in this case,
for medical reasons. And Pike believes it's no accident that the military
reports a number far lower than his estimate.
"The Pentagon, I think, is afraid that they're going to lose public
support for this war, the way they lost public support for Vietnam back in
the 1960s," says Pike. "And minimizing the apparent cost of the war, I
think, is one way that they're hoping to sustain public support here at
60 Minutes asked the assistant secretary of Defense for Health Affairs
about that claim - that casualties are being underreported, for political
reasons. And we got a flat denial. In a letter, he told us, "We in the
Department of Defense categorically reject the notion that we are
underreporting casualties from Operation Iraqi Freedom."
He pointed out that he'd already provided us with some figures - the
15,000 evacuations of non-combat injured and ill. Still, Pike says the
military is trying to minimize the casualty count. It's an effort Pike
believes is misguided, because he says that even if Americans understood
the full human cost of the war, public support would not weaken.
"I think that all of the public opinion polling that we're seeing
suggests that the public is prepared to sustain far higher casualties than
politicians give them credit for," says Pike. "I think that it's basically
that the politicians and the Pentagon, don't have confidence in the
American people." The Department of Defense did not include non-battle
injuries in its casualty reports in other recent wars, either. But that's
of little comfort to Joel Gomez, who was riding in the back of a Bradley
fighting vehicle, looking for insurgents, when disaster struck.
"Unfortunately, the Bradley was too heavy for the road, a dirt road, and
the ground gave way. And we wound up flipping down the mountain. And it
landed upside-down in the Tigris River," says Gomez.
His two buddies were killed. Gomez made it out, but he's now paralyzed.
"[It's] a horrific change. I can't move my legs. I can't move my arms,"
says Gomez. "It just totally changes your life in a manner that you could
Even though Gomez tumbled into the Tigris while looking for insurgents,
he is, by the Pentagon's definition, "non-combat injured."
"They blow it off and say it's just an accident," say Gomez. "I'm sure
that somebody getting shot in the back would just be an accident. But
that's how they see it."
The Department of Defense says the injuries and illnesses suffered by
Gomez and thousands of other troops should not be taken out of context. In
their letter to 60 Minutes, they said: "In order to understand rates of
injuries and diseases, it is necessary to understand what the normal or
usual rates of injuries and diseases might be in other situations."
What does this mean? That there are always going to be a certain number
of accidents and injuries, war or no war - though they offer no numbers
"Soldiers and Marines are gonna get sick. They're gonna get into
accidents. But there's gonna be more disease, more accidents, more
psychiatric stress in Iraq than if they were back here," says Pike, who
adds that hundreds of troops in Iraq have been so paralyzed by stress that
they've had to be medically evacuated - though you won't see them reported
in the casualty count. Traditionally, that count has not included combat
stress. It was long thought, in the military's macho culture, that
psychological trauma is best suffered in silence.
Graham Alstrom has been back from Iraq for over a year, but he's still
haunted by what he saw - and what he did to other people. "Some of them I
shot. Some of them I blew up with grenades. Some of them were stabbed,"
The memories of killing invaded his mind. Soon after he returned home,
Alstrom's life began to unravel.
"The drinking started immediately. I stopped sleeping. And I started
getting very angry. I didn't want to talk to my family anymore. I didn't
want them to see me. I didn't want to see them. I felt like they were
ashamed of me," says Alstrom. "I was partly ashamed of some of the things
I had done. …I couldn't separate the killing people and killing them in
He says he's frustrated that the military says his illness is not
combat-related. "I know what I was like before I went to combat. I had a
life beyond the Army," says Alstrom. "I talked to my family. I'd share
feelings and emotions with people I cared about. I lived a very regular
Alstrom won't get a Purple Heart for his service in Iraq. It was only
his mind that was wounded in battle. "It doesn't matter what the paperwork
says. We know what happened over there. We know what we did over there,"
says Alstrom. "And no piece of paperwork saying that I'm not a casualty
could ever take that away. For any of us."
They've had so much taken away already, but both Alstrom and Schneider
insist that what remains inside them is the heart of a good soldier.
"I'm very supportive of why we're there. I'm very supportive of what we
did while I was there," says Schneider. "I believe wholeheartedly that not
only should we have gone, but that we've done the right thing."
Now, he'd like the military to do the right thing, too.
"Every one of us went over there with the knowledge that we could die,"
says Schneider. "And then they tell you - you're wounded - or your
sacrifice doesn't deserve to be recognized, or we don't deserve to be on
their list - it's not right. It's almost disgraceful."